Posts relating to regenerative design, transition and co-creation for eco-smart holistic human habitats facilitating a restorative green-blue circular economy of proximity

Saturday, June 11, 2016

Proposals for Settlement-Scale Applications

This is an evolving description of how the GCoT model (Smart Garden City) can be applied in varying circumstances. A general summary of the GCoT model is presented in the Introduction here.

Below it has been attempted to show how this model can function to assist in the amelioration of long-established refugee camps, for example Dadaab in Kenya, which has grown to nearly 330,000 residents and was first established in 1992. More information on Dadaab by clicking here.

The following hyperlinks will take you to an online forum. After clicking the hyperlink, it is best to wait a moment for the page to settle on the intended post. It may be necessary to make a note of the post #number and scroll up or down in the forum to find the post, all posts are numbered.

The following hyperlinked posts aim to explain how the GCoT model may be considered, in a planned response to improving conditions for established refugee camp, or indeed for planning new ones. There are also a lot of related information, articles, videos and links on this forum thread.

All comments, criticisms, questions are welcomed. It is possible to comment here on this blog, and also on the forum. *It takes only two minutes to register on the forum in order to post a comment there, and the forum does not send junk mail or share email addresses with third parties.

GCoT Smart Garden City

What is it? see post #140

Why this? see post #141

How? see post #142 and #143

Who? see post #144

Where? also post #144

Refugee Challenge Proposals:

European Social Innovation Competition
Summary presented for #diogochallenge, (Named in memory of Diogo Vasconcelos) - the European Social Innovation Competition, see post #115

What Design Can Do #RefugeeChallenge
Summary presented for #WDCD UNHCR and Ikea foundation What Design Can Do Competition, see post #139

Link to competition entry:

Smart Garden City Resources and Further Explainations

GCoT Image Gallery:

GCoT Literature review and v2.2 :

Garden City of Today (GCoT) Version 2.0 booklet:


Social Media



Comments discussion with an architect
regarding Smart Garden City proposal :  post #154

Selected Diagrams

GCoT Literature Review

The GCoT Model – A Complex Systems Model For Spatio-temporal Settlement Design, Planning, Adaptation, Ecological Restoration, Economic Growth and Biourbanism; Employing Fractal Geometry, Recursion, Complexity, Emergence, Landscape Ecology, Biological Remediation, Agroecology and Central Place Theory

Synthesis of related subjects into synergistic models for planning communication can facilitate multi-disciplinary strategy, for adaptation planning. This is relevant for planning and adapting complex systems such as cities and other human population centres. This paper combines three fields within an holistic model proposed for elucidating urban complexity, improving energy efficiency, and for adaptation planning. Idealised models for transport infrastructure, mixed-use spatial design and, green infrastructure for ecosystem services are combined forming a holistic model. This model is presented with reference to peer reviewed articles and other publications. An implementation approach is proposed, showing its scalability, how diversity may be maintained in urban form, and function, reconciled with unity in spatial planning, achieved through participatory urban planning approaches combined with e
stablished methods for ecological landscape restoration to achieve regenerative and sustainable development. A conceptualised, scaled and scalable spatial pattern is presented at city-scale, as an ecologically regenerative “smart” garden city model, and is referred to as the GCoT Model – acronym for Garden City of Today (Busby, 2014). This is presented for prospective use as an operational model and conceptual aid for strategic and adaptation planning, urban design and urban modeling.

Keywords: #Sustainable #Development; #SustainableDevelopment Goals; #SDGs; #Complexity; #FractalGeometry; #CentralPlace; #Transit Orientated; #TOD; #Mixed-use; #Mobility; #Growth; #Emergence; #Walkable; #ActiveTransport; #Recursion; #Biophilic #Design; #Biourbanism; #P4P; #Unified settlement planning; #Scalable; #Urban #sprawl; #Mitigation; #ZeroCarbon; #Sequestration; #Flood resistance; #Resilience; #Agroecology; #Permaculture; Urban Heat Island; #UHI; Homogeneous; Heterogeneous; #Ecological; Meta-habitat; #Proximity; #Transport Orientated #Development; #Transport; Hierarchy; #Multi-modal; #Inter-modal; #MetabolicCity; #ResourceManagement; #WasteManagement; #Waste; #ClosedLoop; #CircularEconomy; #Homeostasis; Dynamic #Equilibrium; Urban #Analogy; #Correspondence; #Transition; Rapid Urbanisation; #Modeling; #EconomicDevelopment; #Retrofitting; #Amelioration; #Innovation; #CollaborativeDesign; #CoDesign; #Participatory Urban Planning; #ParticipatoryPlanning; #Bottom-up development; #Top-down planning; #holistic design; #GardenCities; #SmartCity; #SmartGardenCity.

 Landscape Restoration for Economic Development

Commonland® believes that landscape restoration offers large untapped opportunities for sustainable economic development. To demonstrate this potential, the company develops landscape restoration projects that are based on business cases.
Commonland’s holistic restoration approach combines and connects natural and economic landscape zones and delivers 4 returns®.

Watch the video or visit the website ( to get to know more about this.

African Presentations

Abstract by John D. Liu Ambassador for Commonland Foundation

This is documentation from the 2006 Direct Dissemination Effort to share the Lessons learned on the Loess Plateau Rehabilitation and how these can be employed in Africa. The result was that Rwanda rewrote its land use policy immediately and now there is 10 years of data on how that went (8.2 % growth in a global depression, restoration of the headwaters of the White Nile and Congo Rivers, Food Security) and Ethiopia began to shift from food aid to Sustainable Land Management although it took 2 more years. This ultimately shifted 380 million dollars each year to sustainable land management and is I believe the reason that we are not seeing famine during drought in Ethiopia now. Several stars aligned at the time. I had just been named the Rothamsted International Fellow for the Communication of Science by the Rothamsted Research Institute. The Global Environmental Facility asked me to present to the High Level Technical Roundtable at the GEF Ministers meeting, DFID and the World Bank were interested in my sharing the results of the work they had funded on the Loess Plateau.

Urban Planning

PracticalAction : Participatory Urban Planning toolkit based on the Kitale experience


This toolkit provides a step-by-step guide to the main processes necessary in developing community action plans in low-income and slum communities. It also gives an account of how these processes were used in the town of Kitale, Kenya. It is distills the long-standing experience of Practical Action staff and their partners working in mobilising poor urban communities and creating long-lasting partnerships with Local Authorities.

PracticalAction :
Peoples' Plans Into Practice (PPP): Kisumu and Kitale

PracticalAction : Promoting Examples of Participatory Local Empowerment in Urban Planning (PEOPLE UP)